Step-by-step: The Tiling Process
1. An old floor in a sorry state
After removing the old, damaged and loose tiles, this was the state of the floor.
2. Different substrates and thicknesses
This was initially filled with some levelling compound prior to the next stage in the process.
3. Existing concrete floor primed
Once all the loose tiles and concrete were removed, the floor is vacuumed to remove any dust and small debris then primed with a suitable primer.
4. Overlaying the floor
The primed surface is now spread with a solid bed of flexible tile adhesive before laying cement fibre board to overlay and unify the floor.
5. Cement fibre boards going down
Here you see the boards starting to be laid.
6. Cement fibre boards down and joints filled and taped
The cement fibre boards are laid and all joints are filled with the flexible tile adhesive before being covered in a alkali-resistant joint tape, this is then spread with a further thin layer of adhesive. If this were over a timber floor, the boards would also be secured with around 30 screws per board.
7. Boards ready to receive leveller.
8. Floor levelled ready for tiling
A fibrous and flexible levelling compound is poured over the bordered floor and allowed to dry. This gives a "billiard table" flat finish which is what is required when laying many tiny tiles where only the thinnest bed of adhesive is required. You cannot "bed up" with adhesive when tiling with these tiles to accommodate undulations in the floor like you would when tiling normally, this is why leveller should nearly always be used prior to laying one of these floors.
9. Tiles going down
Here you see the start of tiling, this is sometimes after many hours of loose laying the tiles and planning how the tiles will fit the room.
10. Mat well
Here you see a mat well created in the tiling. This keeps the mat in place makes an attractive feature of an ordinary doormat. Mats can be purchased in either coir matting or in a heavy duty cord carpet - the colour of your choice.
11. Floor completed
Once tiled, the floor is thoroughly cleaned and then sealed with a colour-intensifying sealer prior to grouting.
12. Sealed, grouted and sealed again
Once the grouting is complete and thoroughly clean, the floor is sealed again and after allowing to dry is ready for use. At this stage, the tiler will usually rehang any doors (shaving off any if required), fit threshold door trims and once complete hand over to the customer.